facebook

   instagram

  twitter

     mail

Mon - Fri: 8:00 - 16:00    

Contact: email kznswimming@mweb.co.za   Phone: 031 001 0840

www.swimmersden.com - Official Web Site Of KZN Aquatics

 



Home



 

DISABLED SWIMMING

 
 
 
Laymans Guide to Classification

 

Contact:

Swimming is the only sport that combines the conditions of limb loss, cerebral palsy (coordination and movement restrictions), spinal cord injury (weakness or paralysis involving any combination of the limbs) and other disabilities (such as Dwarfism (little people); major joint restriction conditions) across classes.

Classes 1-10 are allocated to swimmers with a physical disability
Classes 11-13 are allocated to swimmers with a visual disability
Class 14 is allocated to swimmers with an intellectual disability
Class 15 is allocated to swimmers with a hearing impairment
Class 16 is allocated to swimmers with an organ or bone transplant

The Prefix S to the Class denotes the class for Freestyle, Backstroke and Butterfly

The Prefix SB to the class denotes the class for Breaststroke

The Prefix SM to the class denotes the class for Individual Medley.

The range is from the swimmers with severe disability (S1, SB1, SM1) to those with the minimal disability (S10, SB9, SM10)

In any one class some swimmers may start with a dive or in the water depending on their condition. This is factored in when classifying the athlete.

The examples are only a guide some conditions not mentioned may also fit the following classes.

Functional Classification System

S1 SB1 SM1 Swimmers in this class would usually be wheelchair bound and may be dependent on others for their every day needs.

Examples: Swimmers with very severe coordination problems in four limbs or have no use of their legs, trunk, hands and minimal use of their shoulders only.

Usually only swim on their back.

S2 .SB1 SM2

Examples: Swimmer able to use their arms with no use of their hands, legs or trunk or have severe co-ordination problems in 4 limbs.

S3 SB2 SM3

Examples: Swimmers with reasonable arm strokes but no use of their legs or trunk; swimmers with severe coordination problems in all limbs and swimmers with severe limb loss to four limbs.

S4 SB3 SM4

Examples: Swimmers who use their arms and have minimal weakness in their hands but have no use of their trunk or legs; swimmers with coordination problems affecting all limbs but predominantly in the legs; swimmers with limb loss to 3 limbs.

S5 SB4 SM5

Examples: Swimmers with full use of their arms and hands but no trunk or leg muscles; swimmers with coordination problems;

S6 SB5 SM6

Examples: Swimmers with full use of their arms and hands with some trunk control but no useful leg muscles; swimmers with coordination problems (usually these athletes walk); swimmers with major limb loss of 2 limbs; Little People (< 130cm)

S7 SB6 SM7

Examples: Swimmers with full use of their arms and trunk with some leg function; coordination or weakness problems on the same side of the body; major limb loss of 2 limbs.

S8 SB7 SM8

Examples: Swimmers with full use of their arms and trunk with some leg function; limb loss of 2 limbs; swimmers with the use of one arm only

S9 SB8 SM9

Unless there is an underlying medical condition usually all of these athletes will start out of the water.

Examples: Swimmers with severe weakness in one leg only; swimmers with very slight coordination problems; swimmers with one limb loss

S10 SB9 SM10

Examples: Swimmers with very minimal weakness affecting the legs; swimmers with restriction of hip joint movement; swimmers with both feet deformed; swimmers with minor limb loss of part of a limb.

Visually Impaired Classes

S11 = These swimmers are unable to see at all and are considered totally blind. They must wear blackened goggles if they swim in this class. They will also require someone to tap them when they are approaching a wall.

S12 = These swimmers can recognise the shape of a hand and have some ability to see. There is a large range of vision ability within this class.

S13 = Swimmers who are the most sighted but are legally considered to be blind.

Intellectual Disability

S14 = Swimmers who have a recognised intellectual impairment according to international standards as recognised by the World Health Organisation i.e. IQ testing of 75 and below.

Hearing Impairment

S15 = Swimmers with a hearing impairment of 55 db and better in the better ear.

Transplantees

S16 = Swimmers with an organ or bone transplant

Swimmers With A Disability

  • DO NOT WANT SYMPATHY
  • DO NOT WANT TO BE DIFFERENT
  • WANT INTELLIGENT UNDERSTANDING OF THEIR CONDITION
  • WANT OTHERS TO RECOGNISE THE WAY IN WHICH THEY ARE LIKE AN ABLE BODIED PERSON, RATHER THAN WAYS THEY ARE DIFFERENT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LINKS

   

 

 
 

2001 Swimmersden.com. All rights reserved. This content may only be stored for personal and non-commercial purposes. The republication or reuse of the above content without the written prior permission of Swimmersden.com is prohibited swimmersden.com will not be held responsible for any mistakes, omissions, interruptions or delays with regard to the content or any damage resulting from it